After ending his forty-seven year career with The Post, in 1963, Rockwell sought new artistic challenges. His first assignment for Look—The Problem We All Live With—portrayed a six-year-old African-American girl being escorted by four U.S. marshals to her first day at an all-white school in New Orleans, a gentle assertion on moral decency. In 1965, Rockwell focused on the murder of three civil rights workers in Philadelphia, Mississippi, and in 1967, he chose children, once again, to illustrate desegregation, this time in our nation’s suburbs. In the years that followed, Rockwell reported on the space race, depicting the moon landing before and after it happened, and he painted portraits of the most prominent political candidates of his time. In an interview later in his life, Rockwell recalled that he once had to paint out an African-American person in a group picture since The Post’s policy dictated showing people of color in service industry jobs only. Freed from such restraints, Rockwell seemed to look for opportunities to correct the
editorial prejudices reflected in his previous work.
A bi-weekly magazine, Look was published from 1937 to 1971, reaching its peak circulation in 1969 with 7.7 million readers per issue. Of the leading general interest magazines, Look had a circulation second only to Life, but it outsold The Saturday Evening Post, which stopped its presses in 1969. Despite its popularity, Look, like many other American magazines of the mid-twentieth century, suffered advertising revenue losses as corporations moved to feature their products on the newer medium of television. At the time, a slack economy and rising postal rates also conspired to make print publications like Look an endangered species.